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BIOL 2108

This is an archive of the Common Course Outlines prior to fall 2011. The current Common Course Outlines can be found at
Credit Hours 3
Course Title Principles Of Biology II
Prerequisite(s) BIOL 2107 and BIOL 2107L, each with a "C" or better
Corequisite(s) BIOL 2108L
Catalog Description
This course includes a survey of the animal kingdom with emphasis on diversity and evolutionary theory, mechanisms, and relationships; selected topics in vertebrate anatomy and physiology with emphasis on the human; and an introduction to ecology.  This course is designed for students whose program of study is science.

Expected Educational Results
As a result of completing this course, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the development of the theory of evolution, explain some of the mechanisms
which are involved in the process of evolutionary change, and evaluate evidences of these
processes in action.
2. Demonstrate the unity and diversity of life that exists among animals and use this
information to describe and discuss the evidence supporting currently accepted
phylogenetic relationships among the major animal taxa.  Such evidence should include
various internal and external anatomical features and physiological adaptations.
3. Explain the strategy for maintaining life processes by comparing structure and function of
organ systems in selected animals.
4. Identify the control mechanisms which regulate the development and function of selected
5. Use models to explain energy flow and material cycling in ecosystems and to relate these
and other ecological principles to the role humans play in their environment

General Education Outcomes
I. This course addresses the general education outcome relating to communications as follows:    
1.  Students increase their reading comprehension skills by reading the text and course
materials. Students may be required to read articles on particular biological topics in
preparation for writing short papers.
2. Students develop their listening skills through lecture and small group problem solving.
3. Students develop writing and speaking skills through the use of problems and activities
developed to specifically enhance their understanding of certain biological principles.  
Students are required to write essay answers on exams, often write short papers as part of
the course work, and give presentations.
II. This course addresses the general education outcomes of mathematical concept usage and applies the scientific method as follows:  
1. Students use mathematical concepts to solve population genetics problems.
2. Students practice the methods of scientific inquiry during lecture discussions.
3. Students may apply the scientific method in research projects or papers.
III. This course addresses the general education outcome relating to demonstrating effective individual and group problem-solving and critical thinking skills in a variety of situations as follows:    
1. Students apply critical thinking skills in solving population genetics problems both in
groups and individually.
2. Students apply critical thinking skills in writing answers to essay questions on exams.
3. Students apply critical thinking skills in research projects and/or papers.

Course Content
I. Evolution    
A. Natural Selection and Adaptation
B. Microevolution
C. Macroevolution:  Origin of Species
II. Diversity and Function: Animals    
A. Invertebrates I
B. Invertebrates II
C. Chordates
D. Digestion and Nutrition
E. Respiration
F. Circulation
G. Excretion
H. Neural Control I: The Neuron
I. Neural Control II: Nervous Systems
J. Hormonal Control
K. The Immune System
L. Reproduction
M. Animal Development
III. Ecology    
A. Biosphere and Biomes
B. Ecosystems and Communities
C. Population Dynamics
D. The Human Impact

Assessment of Outcome Objectives
1.   The course grade will be determined by the average of three unit tests, each with a
combination of objective and at least 25% written discussion questions, and a
comprehensive final exam.  The final exam must count at least 20% and no more than
30% of the course grade.
2. Additional reports, papers or projects will be required as determined by the individual
instructor. These must clearly relate to the course content.

This course will be assessed every three years in the fall/spring as a portion of the Biology Program of Study assessment.

Instructors will consult the assessment results and each other to determine which educational approaches are working well, and which could be improved.  They will continue what works and explore improved approaches to instruction where that is needed.

Last Revised: Aug. 04, 2011
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