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FIRE 2913

This is an archive of the Common Course Outlines prior to fall 2011. The current Common Course Outlines can be found at
Credit Hours 3
Course Title Chemistry Of Hazardous Materials
Prerequisite(s) CHEMISTRY 1151 AND 1151 L
Corequisite(s) None Specified
Catalog Description
The course is the study of chemical characteristics and reactions related to storage, transportation and handling of such hazardous materials as flammable liquids, combustible solids, oxidizing and corrosive materials and radioactive compounds. Emphasis is placed on fire-fighting techniques and control of spills in emergency situations. The course includes specialized protective equipment and monitoring devices.
Chemistry of Hazardous Materials 3rd Edition, Eugene Meyer; Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-8359-5175-8

Expected Educational Results
1. Define "hazardous materials."
2. Describe and utilize the D.O.T. and N.F.P.A. identification and numbering systems for hazardous materials.
3. Describe clues for detecting the presence of hazardous materials by type of occupancy, container, etc.
4. Describe the chemical and physical properties of the major classifications of hazardous materials under the U.N. -- D.O.T. system.
5. Identify the hazards to health and safety created by hazardous materials emergencies and methods of personal protection.
6. Explain the risk assessment considerations to be made by first responders at a hazardous materials incident, with special attention to the limitations due to lack of specialized protective clothing, equipment and training.
7. Explain the potential roles of police, fire departments, industrial, pre-hospital and hospital personnel and other governmental and private agencies at the scene of a hazardous materials emergency.
8. Identify the components of a pre-emergency plan for hazardous materials incidents.
9. Discuss the chemistry of fire by describing the relationship between matter and combustion.
10. Discuss basic chemistry to include the structure of matter, chemical nomenclature, and chemical reactions.
11. Explain the hazards of flammable gasses, liquids, and solids and the measures to be used for stabilizing and controlling and emergency involving flammable hazardous materials.
12. Explain the hazards involved when pressurized and liquefied gas containers are subjected to fire conditions, including the design and control features for the various types of fixed and portable tanks or vessels.
13. Explain using chemical and vessel nomenclature and appropriate action required to safely and successfully mitigate a hazardous materials incident.
14. Describe the types and properties of explosives, their uses and the hazards they pose under fire conditions.
15. Discuss the types and properties of explosives, their uses and the hazards they pose under fire conditions.
16. Explain the firefighting methods used for fires involving both water reactive and toxic materials.
17. Explain the relationship between acids and alkalis and the stabilization methods used for both.
18. Describe the hazards posed to firefighting personnel by the various products of combustion.
19. Explain the proper firefighting procedures for incidents involving radioactive materials.

General Education Outcomes
I. This course addresses the general education outcome relating to communication through listening, reading, writing and speaking.

1. Students develop their reading comprehension skills by reading the text and handout materials. Students are required to collect and summarize articles on instructional techniques from current periodical sources.
2. Students develop their listening skills through lecture and small group problem solving. Lecture material is presented that is not included in the text or handout material and is included as part of the exams or tests.
3. Students develop their reading and writing skills through the use of problems and activities developed specifically to enhance their understanding of certain instruction principles. Students provide written or oral solutions to these problems in both individual and group format. They must also deal with short-answer type questions on course exams.

II. This course addresses the general education outcomes of mathematical concept usage and applies the scientific method as follows:

1. Students must apply mathematical concepts in the solution of problems designed to illustrate figuring square footage, travel distance and temperature conversions while teaching. Analysis of graphically presented material also test their mathematical skills as well as their ability to interpret and communicate quantitative data.
2. Students apply the scientific method in the set-up and solution of problems designed to illustrate the procedure for administering emergency care when confronted with a variety of symptoms in a simulated setting

III. This course addresses the general education outcome relating to identifying and evaluating patient assessment techniques.

Course Content

A. Role of Fire Throughout History
B. General Chareacteristics of Hazardous Materials
C. Classes of Fire Management
D. Hazardous Materials within Houshold Products
E. Hazardous Constituents of Pollutants and Wastes
F. Hazardous Substances in the Workplace
G. Hazardous Materials in Transit
H. Hazardous Substances within Communities
J. National Response Center
K. Accessing Hazardous Materials information on the Internet
A. Matter Defined
B. Units of measurment
C. Converting Between Units of the Same Kind
D. Density of Matter
E. Energy
F. Temperature and its Measurment
G. Pressure and Its Measurement
H. Heat and Its Transimission
I. Calculation of Heat
J. Expansion of Liquids
K. General Properties of the Gaseous State
L. General Hazards of Cryogens

3. Flammable Gases and Flammable liquids

M. Flammability
N. RCRA Characteristics of Ignitability
O. Storage and Transport of Compressed Gases
P. General Hazards of Compressed Gasses
Q. Responding to Disasters Involving Compressed Gases
R. Storage if Flammable Liquids
S. Responding to Disasters Involving Flammable Liquids

4. Chemical Forms of Matter

T. Elements and Compounds
U. Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids
V. Chemical and Physical Changes
W. Some Basic Features of Atoms
X. The Periodic Classification of the Elements
Y. Molecules and Ions
Z. The Nature of Chemical Boning
AA. Lewis Symbols
BB. Ionic Bonding
CC. Covalent Boning
DD. Ionic and Covalent Compound
EE. The Chemical Formula
FF. Writing Chemical Formulas and Naming Ionic Compounds
GG. Some Chemical Formulas and Names of Covalent Compounds
HH. Naming Acids
II. Molecular Weights Formulas Weights, and the Mole

5. Principles of Chemical Reactions

JJ. The Chemical Reaction
KK. Balancing Simple Equations
LL. Types of Chemicals Reactions
MM. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
NN. Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction
OO. Combustion and the Energetic of Chemical Reactions
PP. Spontaneous Combustion
QQ. The RCRA Characteristics of Reactivity
RR. The Fire Tetrahedron
SS. Water As a Fire Extinguisher
TT. Carbon Dioxide As a Fire Extinguisher
UU. Halons As Fire Extinguishers
VV. Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers

6. Aspects of the Dot Hazardous Materials Regulations

WW. The Shipping Paper
XX. Location of a Shipping Paper During Transit
YY. Transporting Hazardous Materials by Watercraft
ZZ. DOT Labels
AAA. DOT Markings
BBB. DOT Placards
CCC. DOT Classification of Hazardous Materials
DDD. Responding of Disasters Involving Hazards Materials
EEE. Reporting the Release of Hazardous Substances

7. Chemistry of Some Common Elements

FFF. Oxygen
GGG. Hydrogen
HHH. Fluorine
III. Chlorine
JJJ. Phosphorus
KKK. Sulfur
LLL. Carbon

8. Chemistry of Some Corrosive materials

MMM. The Nature of Acids and Bases
NNN. The pH Scale
OOO. Properties of Acids and Bases
PPP. Acids and Bases As Corrosive Materials
QQQ. Sulfuric Acid
RRR. Nitric Acid
SSS. Hydrochloric Acid
TTT. Perchloric Acid
UUU. Hydrofluoric Acid
VVV. Phosphoric Acid
WWW. Acetic acid
XXX. Alkaline Metal Hydroxides
YYY. Federal Legislation Regarding Corrosive Materials
ZZZ. Responding to Disasters Involving Corrosive Materials

9. Chemistry of Some Water-Reactive Substances

AAAA. When is a Substance Water-Reactive?
BBBB. Alkali metals
CCCC. Combustible metals
DDDD. Aluminum Alkyl Compounds
EEEE. Metallic Hydrides
FFFF. Metallic Phosphides
GGGG. Metallic Carbides
HHHH. Water-Reactive Substances that Produce Hydrogen Chloride
IIII. Water-Reactive Compounds that Produce Acetic Acid

10. Chemistry of Some Toxic Substances

JJJJ. What are Toxic Substances?
KKKK. How Toxic Substances Enter the Body
LLLL. How Toxic Substances Adversely Impact Health
MMMM. Factors affecting Toxicity
NNNN. Measuring Toxicity
OOOO. Toxicity of the Fire Scene
PPPP. Carbon Monoxide
QQQQ. Hydrogen Cyanide
RRRR. Sulfur Dioxide
SSSS. Hydrogen Sulfide
TTTT. Nitrogen Dioxide
UUUU. Ammonia
VVVV. Responding to Disasters Involving Toxic Substances
WWWW. Poisonous Metals
XXXX. Asbestos
YYYY. Pesticides
ZZZZ. Protection from Exposure to Toxic Substances

11. Chemistry of some oxidizers

AAAAA. What is an Oxidizer?
BBBBB. Oxidation Numbers
CCCCC. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
DDDDD. Common Features of Oxidizers
EEEEE. Hydrogen Peroxide
FFFFF. Hypochlorite Oxidizers
GGGGG. Oxidizers in Fireworks
HHHHH. Oxidizing Ammonium Compounds
IIIII. Oxidizing Chromium Compounds
JJJJJ. Sodium Permanganate and Potassium Persulfate
KKKKK. Chemistry of Matches
LLLLL. Responding to Disasters Involving Oxidizers

12. Chemistry of some Hazardous Organic Compounds

MMMMM. What Are Organic Compounds?
NNNNN. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
OOOOO. Gaseous Hydrocarbon Products
PPPPP. Aromatic Hydrocarbons
QQQQQ. Petroleum and Petroleum Products
RRRRR. Functional Groups
SSSSS. Halogenated Hydrocarbons
TTTTT. Alcohols
UUUUU. Ethers
VVVVV. Aldehydes and Ketones
WWWWW. Organic Acids
XXXXX. Esters
YYYYY. Amines
ZZZZZ. Peroxo-Organic Compounds
AAAAAA. Carbon Disulfide

13. Chemistry of Some Polymeric Materials

BBBBBB. What Are Polymers?
CCCCCC. Polymerization
DDDDDD. Autopolymerization
EEEEEE. Combustion of Polymers
FFFFFF. Vegetable and Animal Fibers
GGGGGG. Vinyl Polymers
HHHHHH. Polyurethane
IIIIII. Natural and Synthetic Rubber

14. Chemistry of Some Explosive materials

JJJJJJ. General Characteristics of Explosive Materials
KKKKKK. Classification of Explosive Materials and Blasting Agents
LLLLLL. Storing Explosive Materials
MMMMMM. Chemicals Explosive and DOT Regulations
NNNNNN. Black Powder
OOOOOO. Nitroglycerin
PPPPPP. Dynamite
QQQQQQ. Nitrocellulose
RRRRRR. Trinitrotoluene
SSSSSS. Cyclonite
TTTTTT. Tetryl
VVVVVV. Primary Explosives
WWWWWW. Responding to Disasters Involving Explosive Materials

15. Radioactive Materials

XXXXXX. Features of Atomic Nuclei
YYYYYY. Types of Radiation and Modes of Nuclear Decay
ZZZZZZ. Detection and Measurement of Radioactivity
AAAAAAA. Adverse Effects Caused by Exposure to Radiation
BBBBBBB. Effects of Ionizing Radiation upon Matter
CCCCCCC. Nuclear Fission
DDDDDDD. Transporting Radioactive Materials
EEEEEEE. Responding to Disasters Involving Radioactive Materials

Assessment of Outcome Objectives
The course grade will be determined by the individual instructor (under the guidelines of the division) using a variety of methods such as quizzes, homework, group projects and exams. Graded activities are designed to measure students' abilities to use higher order thinking skills in their understanding and applying of Life Safety and Inspection concepts. A comprehensive final exam is required. This exam must count for no more than 25% of the course grade.


FIRE 1916 will be assessed every 5 years in the fall. The committee will develop a time-line to monitor the assessment process during the five-year cycle to ensure that assessment activities are occurring in order to have sufficient data to undertake a formal assessment at the end of the cycle. Assessment will consist of:

a. An attitudinal survey addressing students' career and professional goals and perceptions of the quality and usefulness of the course.
b. A set of objective test items keyed to expect learning outcomes. These items will be balanced with respect to content and level of cognitive demand.
c. A pilot administration for the objective assessment instrument. The results of the pilot assessment will be used to determine how well the test items are functioning in terms of discrimination, difficulty, and test reliability. The information obtained from item analysis will be used to eliminate or rewrite test items not functioning properly.
d. The revised assessment instrument will be administered during the assessment cycle at a time established by the committee.
The FIRE 1916 Assessment Committee will analyze the results of both the pilot testing and the formal assessment data as well as the attitudinal survey. The committee will use assessment results to determine the effectiveness of the course by seeking answers to the following questions:

a. Are students performing at a pre-determined minimal level of performance on:
1. The course as a whole
2. On individual learning outcomes
b. Which learning outcomes are students' performance acceptable or above average?
c. Which learning outcomes are students' performance below minimal level?
d. What factors are contributing to student performance on those learning outcomes below minimal level of performance?
e. What changes or modifications in course content or instructional strategies are needed to help improve student performance on learning outcomes below minimal level of performance?

Last Revised: Aug. 08, 2011
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