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Bouvé College of Health Sciences at Northeastern University

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IUHR - Young Offender Reentry and Recovery Network (RAP)

Young Offender Reentry and Recovery Network (RAP)

Abstract

The Reentry Assistance Program (RAP) provides community-based substance abuse treatment and wrap-around reentry services for 100 men per year who have a history of substance use/problems and are being released from the House of Corrections in Boston. The project uses a case management model to provide integrated reentry services beginning at six months before release and continuing for six months after release. Led by the Boston Public Health Commission, the city's health department, the project utilizes a network of service agencies from a wide range of government, health care, mental health, social services and criminal justice providers in the community.

Purpose:
The goals of the project, with respect to participants at 12 months after baseline, are: substance abuse: 50% will report no drug use within the past 30 days; work: 60% will be employed or in job-training or educational programs; criminal involvement: 60% will have had no new criminal involvement or parole or probation violation; housing: 70% will be in safe transitional or permanent housing; health: 80% will have health insurance and a primary care provider and will have had a physical exam; and behavioral skills: 60% will show a significant improvement in coping skills. Services provided by the project to achieve these goals include:

  1. Pre-release: engagement with project staff, enrollment in jail services related to substance abuse treatment, education, employment and skills building, post release planning and case management
  2. Post-release: case management related to health, substance abuse treatment, housing, employment/education and other service needs.

Methods:
A total of 190 men who at the time of study enrollment, were 18-24 years of age, screened positive on substance abuse screening tool, and were scheduled to be released in the next 6-8 months are participating in study. The major groups represented are African American (59%), and Hispanic/Latino (27%), with a much lower proportion of Whites (13%) and Asians (1%). The majority (70%) had less than a 12th grade education. Participant completes baseline, 6- and 12-months follow up interviews and responds to a variety of measures on substance use, living conditions, social networks, education and employment preparation and history, mental health, trauma history, and coping skills. In addition to baseline interviews, we have successfully completed 130 6-months and 59 12-months follow-up interviews so far.

Results:
The preliminary descriptive analyses of data gathered from men who have been released into community at 6- and 12-months suggested that we have met our goal with a respect to no drug use in the past 30 days at 6-months, preventing clients from committing a crime at 6 months, and assist clients in identifying living arrangement after release from prison at both 6- and 12-months points. Thorough analyses of data will begin at the end of this year.

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