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Most Pure Heart of Mary Catholic School
Size of Collection: .75 linear feet
This collection include 16 CDs containing 33 oral interviews held with former faculty and students of the segregated, all-black Most Pure Heart of Mary Catholic School. The school was organized in 1899. Some of the interviewees include Dora Finley, Sheila Flanagan, J. Gary Cooper, Harold Ducloux, Fred Richardson, and former Clinton secretary of labor Alexis Herman. There are transcripts for most of the interviews.
Size of Collection: 4 linear feet
Most of the early material for the local branch of this organization is located in the John LeFlore papers. The material dates from 1930 until 1956, when the organization was banned from operating in Alabama until 1964. The records include correspondence, affidavits, financial and membership records, minutes, miscellaneous notes, and promotional materials. Early regional and branch correspondence focus on employment opportunities and public accommodations. Following the 1944 Supreme Court decision that white primaries were unconstitutional, the focuse shifted to political rights.
Non-Partisan Voters League (NPVL) (1956-1987)
Size of Collection: 22 linear feet
The exact date of the founding of the Non-Partisan Voters League is unknown but was probably before 1956 when the Alabama attorney general banned the NAACP from the state. The collection holds records which span thirty years (1956-1987) with the bulk of materials between 1961 and 1975. As the records of this collection reveal, the NPVL demanded the hiring of more black municipal employees, sued to force desegregation of the Mobile school system, filed complaints with the U.S. Department of Justice to open public accommodations to all, launched massive voter registration campaigns, and challenged the constitutionality of Mobile's commission form of municipal government.
See also Keith Nicholls, "The Non-Partisan Voters League of Mobile, Alabama" (vertical file).Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1965)
Mobile Housing Board Records (1952-1967)
Size of Collection: 361 linear feet
The Mobile Housing Board was organized in 1935 during the Great Depression when business leaders petitioned the city commission to grant them a charter for a non-profit public corporation to provide construction jobs and housing for the poor. The objective was to obtain funds to clear sub-standard housing and build safe and sanitary housing for the poor. The major project areas were the Broad Street-Beauregard Street connector, Water Street, East Church Street, and the Central Texas Street. The records of the housing board are organized by urban renewal project areas. Included are acquisitions, appraisals, condemnations, rehabilitation, relocation, completed contracts, urban renewal files, and loan and grant applications.
See also, Meredith Johnston, "Urban Renewal and the African-American Community in Mobile, Alabama: A Study of the Central Texas Street Urban Renewal Project, 1968-1974" (M.A. Thesis, University of South Alabama, 2000).
Ahmed, Nafiza, "A City Too Respectable to Hate: Mobile During the Era of Desegregation, 1962-1965," 15 (1): 6-17 (GSHR)
Ahmed, Nafiza, "The Neighborhood Organization Workers of Mobile, Alabama: Black Power Politics and Local Civil Rights
Activism in the Deep South, 1968-1971." (VF)
Alsobrook, David, "A.N. Johnson." (VF)
Alsobrook, David, "Mobile's Solitary Sentinel: U.S. Attorney William H. Armbrecht and the Richard Robertson Lynching Case of 1909," 20 (1): 6-27 (GSHR)
Blacksher, James and Larry Menefee, "At Large Elections and One Person, One Vote: The Search for the Meaning of Racial Vote Dilution." (VF)
Blacksher, James and Larry Menefee, "From Reynolds v. Sims to City of Mobile v. Bolden: Have the White Suburbs Commandeered the Fifteenth Amendment?" (VF)
Breen, William J., "The State and Workplace Reform in the South: War Manpower Commission Initiatives and Employer Resistance on the Gulf Coast in World War II," 18 (2): 6-37 (GSHR)
Byers, S. H. M., "The Last Slave Ship" (VF)
Davidson, Chandler, "At-Large Elections and Minority-Group Representation: A Re-examination of Historical and Contemporary Evidence." (VF)
Davidson, Chandler, "Nonpartisan Slating Groups as a Mechanism of Minority Vote Dilution." (VF)
Fitts, Alston, "Alabama's First Black Judge: Roderick B. Thomas of Selma" (VF)
Fitzgerald, Michael W., "Emancipation and its Urban Consequences: Freedom Comes to Mobile," 18 (1): 31-46 (GSHR)
Fitzgerald, Michael W., "Political Factionalism and the African-American Community: Popular Politics in Mobile during Reconstruction" (VF)
Fitzgerald, Michael W., "Railroad Subsidies & Black Aspirations: The Politics of Economic Development in Reconstruction Mobile, 1865-1879" (VF)
Flanagan, Sheila, "In Search of Mobile's African-American History," (VF)
Free, Joe Brayton, "Petitions to Become a Slave," 15 (2): 98-107 (GSHR)
Kendall, John S., "New Orleans' Peculiar Institution" (slavery) (VF)
Koenigsberg, David, "The Standard of Proof in At-Large Vote Dilution Discrimination Cases after City of Mobile v. Bolden." (VF)
McCrary, Peyton, "History in the Courts: The Significance of the City of Mobile v. Bolden." (VF)
McLaurin, Melton, "Mobile Blacks and World War II" (VF)
Mitchell, Richard, "Bolden v. Mobile: Equitable Discretion Unchained." (VF)
Murray, Albert, "Black Pride in Mobile," The Omni Americans (VF)
Nelson, Bruce, "Organized Labor and the Struggle for Black Equality: Mobile during World War II" (VF)
Nicholls, Keith, "NAACP: Outlawed in Alabama, 1956-64" and "The Non-Partisan Voters League of Mobile, Alabama" (VF)
Nicholls, Keith, "Major Civil Rights Cases - Brief Review of Proceedings & Results" (VF)
O'Rourke, Timothy, "Constitutional and Statutory Challenges to Local At-Large Elections." (VF)
"Making the Violation Fit the Remedy: The Intent Standard and Equal Protection Law." (Yale Law Journal Vol. 92, 1982) (VF)
Thomas, Mary Martha, "The Mobile Homefront during the Second World War," 1 (2): 55-74 (GSHR)
Books, Theses, Dissertations
Hank Aaron, I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story. Ruth Lonnie Wheeler, ed. (Harper Collins, 1991).
Shawn Bivens, Mobile, Alabama's People of Color: A Tricentennial History, 1702-2002. (Victoria, B.C., Canada: Trafford Publishing, 2004).
Delene Case, "'Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around': The Black Freedom Struggle in Mobile, Alabama, 1902-1969" (M.A. Thesis, University of South Alabama, 2004).
Richard Chastang, St. Peter the Apostle Catholic Church: From the Origin of St. Paul's Chapel to the departure of Fr. Sabino Grossi, SSJ. (Mobile, Alabama: STA Publications, 2004).
Paulette Davis-Horton, Avenue: the Place, the People, the Memories, 1799-1986. (Mobile, Alabama: Horton, Inc., 1991).
Eric Duke, "A Life in the Struggle: John L. LeFlore and the Civil Rights Movements in Mobile, Alabama (1925-1975)" (M.A. Thesis, Florida State University, 1998).
Michael Fitzgerald, Urban Emancipation: Popular Politics in Reconstruction Mobile, 1860-1890. (Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2002).
Robert M. Glennon, Kudjo: The Last Slave Voyage to America. (Fairhope, Alabama: Over the Transom Publishing Company, 1999).
Lois Virginia Meacham Gould, "In Full Enjoyment of their Liberty: The Free Women of Color of the Gulf Ports of New Orleans,
Mobile, and Pensacola, 1769-1860" (Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 1991).
Patterson Toby Graham, A Right to Read: Segregation and Civil Rights in Alabama's Public Libraries, 1900-1965. (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2002).
Meredith Johnston, "Urban Renewal and the African-American Community in Mobile, Alabama: A Study of the Central Texas Street Urban Renewal Project, 1968-1974" (M.A. Thesis, University of South Alabama, 2000).
Christopher Andrew Nordmann, "Free Negroes in Mobile County, Alabama" (Ph.D. diss., University of Alabama, 1990).
Fredrick Richardson, The Genesis and Exodus of NOW. (Boynton Beach, Florida: Futura Printing, 1996).
Fredrick Richardson, The Stone Street Baptist Church - Alabama's First, 1806-1982. (Boynton Beach, Florida: Futura Printing, 1982).
Emma L. Roche, Historic Sketches of the South. (Mobile, Alabama: D.L. Printing, 1989).
Dian Lee Shelley, "The Effects of Increasing Racism on the Creole Colored in Three Gulf Coast Cities between 1803 and 1860" (M.A. Thesis, University of West Florida, 1971).
Tom Stanton, Hank Aaron and the Home Run that Changed America. (New York: William Morrow, 2004).
"Most Pure Heart of Mary Church, 1899-1999: 100th Anniversary, A Century of Blessings" (Mobile, Alabama, 1999).
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