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Make Tummy Time Fun for Infants

Mon, 07/07/2014 - 11:16

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 9, 2014) -- Many parents and parents-to-be are aware of the “back to sleep” recommendation made by the American Academy of Pediatrics, which advises that infants sleep on their backs. Making sure your baby sleeps on his or her back significantly reduces the chance of sudden infant death (SIDS). However, when infants are awake and being watched, they should spend time on their bellies, starting from the first few days of life.

Many infants today spend far too many of their waking hours on their backs or in sitting devices such as car seats, swings, and carriers. Too much time spent on their backs and in devices has led to increases in head and neck deformities in infants and delayed motor development. Infants need to be on the floor on their bellies learning to move and explore their environment.

Infants should be encouraged to lift up their heads and look around while on their bellies. As their motor skills develop, teach infants to reach for objects and prop up on their elbows or hands during "tummy time," which helps to build strong back and neck muscles important for later activities such as sitting, crawling, walking, and talking. 

If infants don’t have tummy time during their first few weeks of life, they might dislike being on their tummies. Parents can get on the floor lying on their backs and place the infant on their bellies, so they are tummy-to-tummy and face-to-face. Infants love that time looking at the parent’s face and don’t seem to mind being on the tummy as much.

Parents can try that several times a day for a few minutes and then progress to both parent and infant on their tummies face-to-face on the floor. That gets the infant accustomed to a firm surface, while still looking at the loving parent who (if not accustomed to being on the floor) is probably making some interesting faces! Eventually the infant will not mind being on his or her tummy if there are fun, appropriate objects placed at eye-level. Of course, the floor must be baby-safe: all small objects, which they might get in their mouths, must be removed.

Ultimately, infants will learn to roll from their tummies and soon crawl and creep around the house, exercising their independence and learning about their environment. Crawling and creeping are important motor skills that should be encouraged long before walking.  Remember: for infants, it's back to sleep and tummy time to play.

Susan Effgen, PT, PhD, FAPTA, is a professor at the University of Kentucky College of Health Sciences, Division of Physical Therapy.

This column appeared in the July 5, 2014 edition of the Lexington Herald-Leader

Small Changes are Sometimes More Effective than a Diet Overhaul

Mon, 07/07/2014 - 11:10

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 8, 2014) -- "Bathing suit weather" has arrived -- are you considering that new diet you read about in the check out line? Before you stock up on protein bars, know that most nutrition professionals do not advocate any one diet plan, since no single plan suits all people. However, we recognize that structured diet plans make the process of diet change easier. Our goal is to tailor a diet strategy to the goals and personalities of each patient.

In a recent article, U.S News and Report evaluated the 32 most popular diets and ranked the diets by outcomes – best diets for weight loss, heart health, diabetes control, etc. Alarmingly, many of the most popular diets in 2014 fall squarely in the bottom of the USNWR rankings. And several diets face negative scientific scrutiny due to their unbalanced approach to eating.

One of the inherent issues is that no diet is right for everyone.  This includes not just the trendy diets, like Atkins, Zone, and Paleo, but also popular, government-sponsored diets such as DASH and TLC. Human physiology and genetic variability are too complicated for one diet to meet everyone's goals and expectations.  Furthermore, the lists of restrictions in certain programs are often not sustainable. We often forget that nutrient needs change throughout life and with the onset of stress, pregnancy and/or medical conditions. These real-life events influence evidence-based recommendations that are often not conducive with following the next popular diet trend.

The top diets in each category share similar attributes, such as balance, high fruit and vegetable consumption, and self-monitoring/awareness of what you eat. An emphasis on frequent, structured exercise and high levels of physical activity are also common themes. Any or all of these features can be incorporated into small lifestyle changes that will improve overall health without the perceived rigidity of a traditional diet plan.

Put simply, if you thrive on structure, check out the top-rated diets based on the outcome that interests you most, think about the diet’s positive attributes, and adopt some of the structure that diet provides to get you on a healthier path. If you prefer not to commit to a long list of changes that may be unsustainable, choose one or two healthy habits shared by the top-rated diets and incorporate those into your daily life.  You can also log on to for general diet and lifestyle advice.

Recognize that significant diet overhauls may be difficult to maintain long-term and are not always indicated or scientifically validated. Consider starting with small, manageable changes to help you on your way to a healthier life.   

Travis Thomas, Ph.D., RD, CSSD, is an assistant professor at the University of Kentucky College of Health Sciences, Division of Clinical Nutrition

This column appeared in the Lexington Herald-Leader. 

Alzheimer's With Cerebrovascular Disease Compounds Cognitive Decline

Mon, 07/07/2014 - 10:55
LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 8, 2014) -- Researchers from the Sanders-Brown Center on Aging at the University of Kentucky have been able to confirm anecdotal information on patients with both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) using mouse models in two different studies.

The findings of these two studies, which were recently published in Acta Neuropathologica and Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, have potentially significant implications for patients with both disorders.

Both papers studied CVD in Alzheimer's disease mouse models using different lifestyle factors. 

Paul Murphy, Ph.D, and his group studied the combined effects of type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and cerebrovascular disease in a novel mouse genetic model.

Donna Wilcock, Ph.D, and her group used a different mouse model to study the effects of Alzheimer's disease and hyperhomocysteinemia on cognition. An elevated level of homocysteine is associated with a number of disease states, including CVD.

According to Wilcock, both papers came to similar conclusions.

"We found that, while the primary Alzheimer's pathologies were unchanged, the learning and memory outcomes were significantly worse. In other words, in our mouse models, the cognitive effects of Alzheimer's disease combined with cerebrovascular disease were compounded both in terms of severity and the speed of decline," Wilcock says.

Murphy emphasizes the significance of the findings, particularly since approximately 40 percent of Alzheimer's patients also have cerebrovascular disease.

"We are really excited about these results," Murphy said. "Until now, we have had almost no way to study how Alzheimer’s and cerebrovascular disease interact. These new mouse models give us a way to test ideas about the disease, and ultimately develop ways to treat it."

The UK Sanders-Brown Center on Aging (SBCoA) was established in 1979 and is one of the original ten National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Alzheimer’s disease Research Centers. The SBCoA is internationally acclaimed for its progress in the fight against illnesses facing the aging population.

Nine Incoming Honors Students Named Lewis Scholars

Mon, 07/07/2014 - 10:03

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 8, 2014) — The University of Kentucky Honors Program has selected nine incoming freshmen as recipients of the T.W. Lewis Scholarship. Representing Fayette County and a select group of  Appalachian counties in Kentucky, these "Lewis Scholars" will serve as the first cohort of Honors students to receive the prestigious scholarship.

While T.W. Lewis has offered a scholarship program in his name and his mother's, Ruth Jones Lewis, since 2006, this year marks the implementation of the new Lewis Scholars program, housed in UK Honors. This January, the UK Board of Trustees accepted a pledge of $1 million from the T.W. Lewis Foundation to create and endow the fund.

"Mr. Lewis' generous endowment makes it possible for some of Kentucky's best students to attend UK," said Ben Withers, associate provost for undergraduate education. "I have enjoyed working with him and with Dan Stone (Gatton Endowed Professor) to create an innovative program that asks us to think deeply about what 'student success' means. Mr. Lewis came to us with an idea for a four-year program that provides resources and tools students can use to explore skills and aptitudes that they can develop to better reach their full potential in their professional and personal lives. We are excited about the potential for this program as a way for Honors students to create networks and find mentors both on and off campus."

The recipients were selected on the basis of their academic achievement, demonstrated leadership potential, and financial need.  They will each receive $5,000 toward the cost of tuition, room and board for the 2014-2015 academic year.   

The 2014 Lewis Scholars are:    

  • Cassandra Almasri, a graduate of Dunbar High School in Fayette County, planning to major in chemistry.
  • Curtis Bethel, a graduate of Tates Creek High School in Fayette County, planning to major in physics.
  • Courtney Fields, a graduate of Lafayette High School in Fayette County, planning to major in undergraduate studies.
  • Christa Newman, a graduate of Tates Creek High School in Fayette County, currently registered as an undergraduate studies major.
  • William "Mac" Hall, a graduate of Pikeville High School in Pike County, planning to major in civil engineering. 
  • John W. Slusher, a graduate of Harlan High School in Harlan County, planning to major in political science.
  • Yulia K. Perevozchikova, a graduate of Rowan County High School, planning to major in human health sciences.
  • Galvin L.T. Greene, a graduate of The Piarist School in Floyd County, planning to major in electrical engineering. 
  • Gregory "Austin" Murphy, a graduate of Sheldon Clark High School in Martin County, planning to major in computer engineering. 

T.W. Lewis is a former member of the UK Capital Campaign Steering Committee, serving during the "Dream, Challenge, Succeed" campaign. He received a degree in mechanical engineering from the university in 1971. 

For more information on the T.W. Lewis Scholarship Fund, visit or contact the Honors Program at 859-257-3111 or

The UK Honors Program is part of the Academy of Undergraduate Excellence within the Division of Undergraduate Education at UK.

Blue Abroad: Saying Cheers to England

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 06:43

LONDON, ENGLAND (July 10, 2014) A group of 15 UK students was seeing blue across the pond this summer. In a course designed specifically for first-generation students, students who are the first in their families to attend college, the group explored global communication and business in London, England, led by Director of First Generation Initiatives Matthew Deffendall.

Throughout their journey, UKNow highlighted some of their experiences by publishing their blogs.

Emily Griffin is a marketing and management major from Louisville, Kentucky. Her blog is below:

This is my last post from London.  CHEERS!

Today has been very bittersweet.  We started out the morning with a coach ride to Coca-Cola.  I felt like a kid in a candy shop.  I was so excited to learn about the marketing and production of such a huge corporation.  We got to see the different types of branding, the global communication Coke uses, and the best part was the production line.  We got to see the machines that stack the Cokes, make the Cokes, and distribute the Coke.  It was so neat to be in such a global business environment.  After this, we got lunch at Pret where I had a delicious salmon and cheese sandwich.  I will miss this grab and go sandwich place that was always convenient.  Afterwards, I had my final workout at the gym and got ready for our dinner.  

Farewell dinner was at Strada on the Thames River.  It was really delicious because this time we got to choose our meal!  I had sausage and pasta and chocolate fontenta for dessert. The chocolate chip gelato with it was amazing!  Afterward, we all got to talk about our time abroad.  I really felt like I made a family here.  Even being all from UK, we are still so diverse, which made this trip that much more enjoyable. Matthew cried, we laughed, Sarah's boyfriend got pooped on by a bird, and we just enjoyed each other's company.

I have been wanting to travel abroad for years now. The fact that my time here in London, England, is coming to an end is extremely bittersweet. I have been preparing for months, and thanks to many of my friends and family, I have had the most amazing trip I could ever ask for. I got to see the most historical places in the world (walking the London Bridge, seeing London from a huge farriswheel, cruising on the Thames River, standing in two hemispheres at once, seeing the homes of queens and kings of the past and present, and much much more) while being in the most diverse city in the world. I could walk down the street and hear English, French, Spanish, Russian, and many more languages spoken all around me.

I have learned a lot about myself in the time I have been here. I feel more adaptable to my surroundings. People here in London take the time to appreciate nature and to communicate with friends after work by going to a local pub or by sitting out in a park just breathing in the fresh air. Even though I am in a different culture and country, I have never felt out of place here. I met the most amazing family and friends while abroad, and I know that no matter what happens we can all share this common bond.

The beauty that I have seen on this trip cannot be put into words. I have really enjoyed my time here, and I am coming home with a new outlook on life and learning to appreciate the little things more often. I loved being able to work with global businesses because it really made me realize that I chose the right major for me, and that I graduated in the field of study that I am extremely passionate about. I can't think of a better way to end my undergraduate career then being fully immersed into a brand new culture.

I really do appreciate every single person's support, time, money, and anything else they invested in me and this trip. My family, friends, and boyfriend have been so supportive of me and made my time away from home that much easier and enjoyable.  We can never replicate this time abroad again, however, no one can ever take this away from us — and that is truly the most rewarding part of my time abroad.  I am so lucky to have had this experience.  I am excited to go home, but I know that I have found a second home to me, and a second family. 

So, London and all the wonderful people here, it is not goodbye — it is see you later. CHEERS!

Blue Abroad: Spotting the Queen of England

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 06:33

LONDON, ENGLAND (July 8, 2014) A group of 15 UK students spent three weeks seeing blue in England this summer. In a course designed specifically for first-generation students, students who are the first in their families to attend college, the group explored global communication and business in London, England, led by Director of First Generation Initiatives Matthew Deffendall.

Throughout their journey, UKNow has been highlighting some of their experiences by publishing their blogs.

Ryan Wilhite is a freshman majoring in political science. An account of his experience is below:

One of the most memorable moments from London happened completely by accident. To put it simply, two of my classmates and I got completely lost and accidently managed to bump into the Queen of England.

I'll explain this starting at the beginning. One of our assignments for our class was to explore a particular borough of London. We were divided into five groups of three and tasked with exploring the borough, interviewing people who live and work there, and wondering through the borough's market.

Our group — consisting of N' Deyah, Betty and me — was assigned the Covent Garden market in the Westminster borough. We all left our flats early on a Saturday morning to go explore our area, but at that point, we didn't realize how massive the area of Westminster is. The market was actually walking distance from our flats, but we took the Tube instead, deciding to get off at the Green Park stop and walk to Westminster.

When we got off at Green Park, we saw a huge crowd of people. Green Park is right next to Buckingham Palace, so first we thought the crowd might be there to see a changing of the guard ceremony. We were still surprised at how many people had turned up for that, however. So, we decided to stick around for a while and see what was causing all of the commotion.

The next thing we knew, the crowd started to part as a horse-drawn carriage made its way toward the Palace; the people started going nuts. As we had wandered through the crowd, not knowing what was happening, we had actually managed to secure a pretty sweet spot to view what we then realized was happening — it was the Queen coming back from a ceremony. No big deal; we were just casually staring at Queen  Elizabeth II. Right when we realized who we were seeing, all three of us started waving… and then coolest part of the story happened: she waved back!

This experience was really interesting and surreal. I find it really strange that I've now been able to lay eyes on another country's monarch but that I've never been even nearly as close to our own president. It was definitely a unique cultural experience.

Later that day, we did eventually find our way to the market we were assigned to explore. I've got to say, though, I'm really glad we got lost that morning. 

Three UK Artists Exhibit at Lyric

Thu, 07/03/2014 - 10:54

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 7, 2014) — University of Kentucky College of Fine Arts faculty and staff Garry Bibbs, Sonja Brooks and Bobby Scroggins are exhibiting their artwork in “ Black Roots: Art Creations 2014.” The exhibit is on display through Oct. 11, at the Lyric Theatre and Cultural Arts Center, located at 300 E. Third St. in Lexington.

“Black Roots: Art Creations 2014,” curated and named by Garry Bibbs, is an exhibit showcasing the work of several noted African-American artists mostly from the Lexington area. Each artist’s work has influenced another’s expressing Kentucky’s history and diverse culture through a variety of mediums. The exhibit is open for viewing between the gallery hours of 9 a.m.- 5 p.m., Tuesday through Friday.

Garry Bibbs and Bobby Scroggins are both faculty members of the UK School of Art and Visual Studies. Bibbs is an associate professor with an expertise in sculpture and printmaking. He is the head of the Sculpture Area of the school. He is also an active member of Lexington’s Pew Civic Entrepreneur Initiative, which is a coalition group whose goal is to confront and solve issues relevant to the community on race relations and leadership.

Bibbs received his bachelor’s degree in art studio from Kentucky State University and his master’s degree in art from UK. After graduation, he received a Ford Postdoctoral Fellowship to study at The Chicago Art Institute, and over the years he has completed more than 35 public art commissions throughout the eastern region of the United States. Bibbs' exhibition history includes showings presented through the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C., the Ruschman Art Gallery in Indianapolis, the Hertz Gallery in Louisville, and the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati.

Scroggins received his bachelor’s degree of art studying sculpture and ceramics at The Kansas City Art Institute. While Scroggins was a student there he became the first African-American artist in Missouri to construct a public monument, The Leon M. Jordan Monument. He received his master’s degree in sculpture from Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville where he was a University and Ford Foundation Fellow.

The ceramicist joined the art department at UK in 1990 as head of ceramics and has been an associate professor since 1996. From 1993 to 1995, Scroggins, served as director-at-large for the National Council on Education for The Ceramics Arts. For the past seven years, he has also served on the visual art faculty at the Kentucky Governor’s School for the Arts, spending two years as chairman of the visual art division. He previously served as the chairman of ceramics and sculpture pilot programs at The Northwest Academy of the Arts in Donegal, Northern Ireland, and Derry, Northern Ireland. Most recently in 2012, pieces from Scroggins’ “Shades of Clay” were selected for a traveling exhibition that was shown at several major museums throughout the U.S. In January 2014, Scroggins was commissioned by the Aviation Museum of Kentucky to honor two of the most famous Tuskegee Airmen commanding officers in a sculpture, which is now apart of the museum’s permanent collection along with his portrait bust of African-American aviatrix Willa Brown.

Brooks, a museum educator at the Art Museum at UK, attended Howard University and Catholic University. An active philanthropist most of her life, in 2003 Brooks and her husband formed the Sisohpromatem Art Foundation Inc., where she serves as executive director. The Sisohpromatem Art Foundation’s mission is to help children develop into independent, creative members of the community through participation in the arts as "sisohpromatem" is metamorphosis spelled in reverse.

Brooks’ passion for the arts formed primarily when she was in college. She spent two years working in clay and then moved on to 2D and 3D collages. Brooks loves to work with color and texture to form paper and fabric art from a collection source of repurposed reusable materials. She also enjoys inspiring a new generation of artists through her work at the museum.

The UK School of Art and Visual Studies, at the UK College of Fine Arts, is an accredited member of the National Association of Schools of Art and Design and offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in the fields of art studio, art history and visual studies, and art education.

The mission of the Art Museum at UK, part of the UK College of Fine Arts, is to promote the understanding and appreciation of art to enhance the quality of life for the people of Kentucky through collecting, exhibiting, preserving and interpreting outstanding works of visual art from all cultures. Home to a collection of more than 4,500 objects, including American and European paintings, drawings, photographs, prints and sculpture, the Art Museum at UK presents both special exhibitions and shows of work from their permanent collection.

MEDIA CONTACT: Whitney Hale, 859-257-8716;

UK Participating in Multi-State Collaborative on How to Best Assess Student Learning

Thu, 07/03/2014 - 10:42

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 7, 2014) — The University of Kentucky is one of 68 institutions of higher learning in nine states to join the Multi-State Collaborative (MSC) to Advance Learning Outcomes Assessment, an initiative to develop and test a new system-level approach to assessing student learning. 

Northern Kentucky University and Hazard Community and Technical College also are participating in the project.  All three institutions will work collaboratively with the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education to meet the requirements of the MSC.

The schools will document how well students are achieving key learning outcomes, such asquantitative reasoning, written communication and critical thinking.

“The MSC is testing a different model for student learning outcomes assessment – a model that is very similar to what UK is already doing on campus,” said Tara Rose, director of university assessment.  “It’s critical that institutions actually look at what students can do with what they know by gathering actual student work.  Our assessment process within the UK Core curriculum is a premier example of advancing the assessment of student learning outcomes. I am passionate about assessment and thankful UK has the opportunity to be a part of this exciting project. It is reassuring to know that the assessment process we have been implementing here at UK for years is what the nation is moving toward.”

The Multi-State Collaborative is an initiative steered by the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) and State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO)The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded the first phase of the project. Other states participating include Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Oregon, Rhode Island and Utah.

The project will impact UK by affirming commitment to the improvement of student learning, providing faculty development opportunities in assessment, and measuring the growth in demonstration of learning by comparing results from learning assessment in the MSC to learning assessment in the UK Core general education program.

Rose Street Closure for Construction Delayed

Wed, 07/02/2014 - 23:31

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) —  As site preparation and utilities upgrades continue for construction of the new Academic Science Building at the University of Kentucky, the portion of Rose Street between Huguelet Drive and Funkhouser Drive will close July 14 rather than the originally scheduled date of July 7.

The portion of Washington Avenue that has been closed from Limestone to Gladstone is expected to reopen July 14, at which time Washington Avenue from Gladstone to Rose Street will close.

UK Vocalists, Army Band to Present Patriotic Concert as Salute to Heroes

Wed, 07/02/2014 - 14:47

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) — Patriotic music from a live military band and a University of Kentucky chorus will help ring in Independence Day festivities at Lexington’s Fourth of July Patriotic Music Concert scheduled to begin 8 p.m. Thursday, July 3, on the Old Morrison lawn of Transylvania University. "A Salute to Heroes" is free and open to the public.  

The 202nd Army Band of the Kentucky National Guard will play an all-patriotic music program joined by singers from the UK Opera Theatre’s production of "It’s A Grand Night for Singing!"

The 202nd Army Band will be under the direction of Chief Warrant Officer 4 Greg Stepp, while UK Opera Theatre Director Everett McCorvey will conduct the singers from UK.   

The evening will also feature a special appearance from a member of the U.S. Soldiers’ Chorus, the premier military chorus in the nation. Staff Sergeant Charis Strange, who is a native of Campbellsville, Kentucky, will travel to Lexington to sing with the band and the UK vocalists. Strange is one of five graduates of UK School of Music’s vocal performance program to serve with the Soldiers’ Chorus. UK has the highest number of singers in the Soldiers’ Chorus of any university conservatory in the country. 

The all-patriotic concert will also feature UK Opera Theatre Artist-in-Residence and Metropolitan Opera tenor Gregory Turay and such "Grand Night" favorites as Alicia Helm McCorvey and Darian Sanders, among other cast members.   

The concert will take place on the steps of Old Morrison, with seating on the lawn and in nearby Gratz Park. The public is invited to bring lawn chairs and blankets and stake out spots from which to enjoy the concert. Food and drink will be available for purchase.

Heather French Henry, commissioner of the Kentucky Department of Veterans Affairs, and Kevin Christopher, news anchor for WLEX-TV (Channel 18), will be co-hosts for the concert.

WLEX TV-Channel 18 and the Downtown Lexington Corporation are sponsoring the event this year, with assistance from Alltech and the Henderson Music Company.

The concert is a prelude to a full day of activities at the Fourth of July downtown celebration on Friday, July 4. The festivities kick off Friday morning with the Bluegrass 10,000 foot race, feature a large street festival and parade, and end with fireworks over downtown Lexington. Details on all these events can be found at:

UK Opera Theatre is one of a select group of U.S. opera training programs recommended by the Richard Tucker Music Foundation. The Tucker Foundation is a nonprofit cultural organization dedicated to the support and advancement of the careers of talented American opera singers by bringing opera into the community and heightening appreciation for opera by supporting music education enrichment programs.

The UK School of Music at the UK College of Fine Arts has garnered a national reputation for high-caliber education in opera, choral and instrumental music performance, as well as music education, composition, and theory and music history.

MEDIA CONTACT: Whitney Hale, 859-257-8716;

Old School Skills

Wed, 07/02/2014 - 14:28

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 7, 2014) — When University of Kentucky student Erica Mattingly enrolled in one of Andrew M. Byrd’s linguistics courses, she had no idea she would be rewriting history — or at least re-speaking it.

Byrd, assistant professor of linguistics in the College of Arts and Sciences, and his students have drawn national attention for their groundbreaking work to reconstruct and understand prehistoric languages.

Byrd has devoted much of his research time translating the language known as Proto-Indo-European (PIE). The language is thought to have been first used over 7,000 years ago, with some suspecting it was spoken even earlier. Byrd’s work focuses on the sounds and structure of the PIE language, aiming to understand what it sounded like when spoken a millennia ago.

“To figure out what PIE sounded like, we must compare it to the most ancient Indo-European languages, like Latin, Ancient Greek and Sanskrit,” Byrd said.

While the nuts and bolts behind reconstructing stories in PIE is quite complicated, Byrd describes the translation process as fairly straightforward. The difficulty, he says, comes from knowing which words the PIE speakers used, which requires study and knowledge of the culture.

“For each sentence you want to write, you must consider the words the PIE speakers used to convey concepts as well as the word order. Once you have those, you’ve got yourself a reconstructed sentence,” said Byrd.

Mattingly, a linguistics and Spanish senior, took Byrd’s Indo-European course last year. She says her experience in the class played no small part in her decision to pursue a career in linguistics. After a study of the culture of the PIE speakers and the makeup of their language, Byrd issued a unique challenge to his class: To translate the third-ever fable into PIE.

When Byrd told his class that they would be reconstructing a fable into the PIE language, no one knew what an undertaking it would become. Mattingly recounts the pressure to reconstruct the language accurately.

“It was so, so difficult at first, because we wanted so badly to do it correctly,” she said. “These are words our linguistic ancestors spoke. So to bridge that gap in class was very meaningful to me.”

Byrd keeps his dynamic classroom environment full of challenge and opportunity, offering up research studies to his students interested in translating other works written in PIE and other ancient languages. These independent studies are flexible, chosen based on consideration of student interest and Byrd’s work.

“The work that comes out of these studies is stellar,” Byrd said.

Last year, Mattingly had the opportunity to complete an independent study with Byrd. Knowing her strengths after having her in class, Byrd pushed Mattingly to take a leap and work on something new. She chose to look at the adaptation of the Spanish language between the years 711 and 1400 and how it shifted as a result of an influence from Arabic.

“Dr. Byrd inspired me to work on something that incorporated both languages that I speak," she said. "Before working alongside him, I hadn’t thought about Islamic conquest in terms of how it affected the evolution of the Spanish language.” 

Byrd says he likes to make his classes stand out from other linguistics courses so that his students learn the material they need while having fun.

“While students are asked to undertake lots of linguistic analysis, I always like to bring a little bit of fun and silliness into it, whether it’s translating a fable into PIE or analyzing the made-up language of Ramma Lamma Ding Dongian,” he said.  

It’s that environment that encouraged Mattingly to further pursue her linguistics passion. She emphasizes the value of having Byrd as a mentor who can check in on her and she can approach with questions or concerns, as she recalls not always having the answers as a first-year student.

“Dr. Byrd knows his craft really well," she said. "If I have a question, he will either have a hard answer or he’ll know exactly where to send me. He’s a great asset as a resource.” 

For incoming linguistics students, Byrd recommends a strong desire to learn other languages and a willingness to look at things from other perspectives, which, he says, go hand in hand.

“My advice is to take courses in both ancient and modern languages from the wonderful faculty in the MCLLC department and Hispanic Studies Department here at UK,” he said.

After she graduates, Mattingly plans to pursue a master’s degree in linguistics and later start a career in translation and linguistics for the federal government. Byrd’s teaching style, in which he compares translation to solving a riddle, allowed her to see how much she enjoyed the process.

“It really opened me up to realizing how much I love linguistics,” she said. “I love finding the answer and doing research that has never been done before, whether it’s PIE, Bengali or Swahili. It gives us insights not only into those cultures but our own as well.”

To read the translated fables and other student work, visit the linguistics blog.

HDI Names Allie Rhodes as 2014 Burberry Award Winner

Wed, 07/02/2014 - 12:06

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) — The University of Kentucky Human Development Institute (HDI) has named Allie Rhodes as the winner of the 2014 Paul Kevin Burberry Award. 

Rhodes is a a doctoral student in the Department of Early Childhood, Special Education, and Rehabilitation in the UK College of Education and the HDI Evaluation Unit research assistant. Her doctoral work has focused on communication disorders.

The award is named in memory of the Berea native who pioneered a trail in the public school system as the first student with significant physical disabilities, due to cerebral palsy, to complete Berea Community High School. Burberry graduated with highest honors and went on to attend Berea College and the University of Kentucky, where he was majoring in philosophy. He was an exemplary student whose life was cut short prior to his anticipated graduation, with honors, in May 2004.

The award — the highest student honor awarded annually by HDI — is given to a student involved with HDI who has exemplified in his or her life the leadership, advocacy and commitment to persons with disabilities and their families that Burberry demonstrated in his own life.

“More than anything else, Allie shows us that every child can learn, that every life must be meaningful, that every person has something valuable to contribute," said Chithra Adams, HDI director of evaluation and Rhodes’ supervisor. "In other words, she is the very personification of HDI and what we stand for."

HDI Director Harold Kleinert commended Allie for her "passionate focus" on the application of assistive technology to improve the life of individuals with the most significant disabilities.  

"Allie is a tremendously positive person, who deftly handles the demands of wife and mother, doctoral student, and evaluation assistant, with a truly balanced and wise outlook on those parts of our lives that matter most deeply," he said. 

UK Researcher Uses New Technology to Preserve Ancient Artifact

Wed, 07/02/2014 - 11:02

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) — This July, a University of Kentucky professor is headed back to Lichfield Cathedral in England to continue a labor of love: digitizing the nearly 1,300-year-old St. Chad Gospels.

William Endres, an assistant professor in the College of Arts and Sciences Department of Writing, Rhetoric, and Digital Studies, has already captured multispectral and historical images of the St. Chad Gospels and rendered the manuscript  in 3-D in 2010. However, he recently received a grant from the West Semitic Research Project to digitize the precious relic using a new technology called Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI).

To learn more, visit a podcast by Endres and a video that explains the process of 3-D rendering.

Endres said RTI was a necessary step in helping to preserve the priceless artifact. The manuscript has a long and turbulent history. The jeweled binding was likely torn off by marauding Vikings, and the delicate vellum pages have become warped over the years from water damage and ambient moisture. "Vellum absorbs water much more quickly than pigments; so as vellum expands, it puts stress on the pigments. When stress is placed on pigments, they crack. Once they crack sufficiently, chips of pigment break free," said Endres.

The detailed, high-relief view that RTI affords will allow scholars to see where pigment on the pages is rising up and preparing to flake off. Through RTI, preservationists will be able to pinpoint and address trouble spots that may have arisen since the manuscript’s pages were flattened, treated with liquid nylon and rebound in 1962.

RTI will also allow scholars around the world to see an intriguing facet of the St. Chad Gospels: its dry-point glosses. By design, dry-point glosses are notoriously difficult to see and nearly impossible to capture with regular photography. They are etched into the vellum with a stylus but no ink. However, these glosses are highly important. In the St Chad Gospels, these glosses are likely the names of scribes, who added their names because they believed that a great gospel-book like the St Chad Gospels functioned as a book of the living, that St. Peter would look at their manuscripts on Judgment Day and give a free pass into heaven for anyone whose name appeared in the margins.

Another surprising fact about the glosses is that three of the names are female. In the margins of the Magnificat page, where the pregnant Virgin Mary sings a song of praise to God, three Anglo-Saxon women's names appear: Berhtfled, Elfled and Wulfild.

"So if we're correct about these names, it's likely--or at least possible--that these women worked in the scriptorium at Lichfield Cathedral, had access to the St. Chad Gospels, and inscribed their names," said Endres.

He believes the presence of these names secures the manuscript's place as an important piece of feminist history, especially since so little is known about the day-to-day life of women in early medieval England. "But this page also speaks to a reclaiming of women's contributions to culture in a much larger way than just within the St. Chad Gospels. I find it's emblematic for the power of the feminist movement and the richness that the movement adds to our lives and understanding of our history."

In appreciation to Lichfield Cathedral for allowing him access to the St. Chad Gospels, Endres said he plans to give a series of lectures about the manuscript while he's in Lichfield, and he will also hold a class to teach local children how to do their own calligraphy, illumination and interlace art.

Endres said it's important for scholars to contribute to the communities that preserve important artifacts at great expense. Lichfield Cathedral, for example, receives no State funding to help care for the St. Chad Gospels and the Cathedral, even though the costs are substantial.

"This manuscript is very precious to Lichfield," said Endres. "I try to do things that will honor the manuscript's position within the community. It is a touchstone for the community’s Christian origins in Lichfield. The St Chad Gospels might be a treasure of the world, but it is the Lichfield community that has protected and preserved it through the ages.”

MEDIA CONTACT: Gail Hairston,, 859-257-3302

No CATS Bus Service Friday, July 4

Tue, 07/01/2014 - 17:53

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 2, 2014) — University of Kentucky Parking and Transportation Services will not offer any bus service Friday, July 4, in observance of Independence Day. This includes the CATS Summer/Break Route, the Medical Center Route and the Kentucky Clinic Route. All bus service will resume normal operations Monday, July 7.

All CATS buses are on Cat Tracker, a real-time GPS-based bus locating system. Cat Tracker can be accessed at, via the free TransLoc Android, BlackBerry and iPhone apps and through QR and SMS codes located on each bus stop sign.

Members of the campus community are encouraged to tune into 1700 AM (WQKH 253) to hear campus parking and transportation information. The station broadcasts 24 hours, seven days a week.

PTS Hosts Annual Fourth of July Fireworks Viewing

Tue, 07/01/2014 - 17:46

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 2, 2014) — University of Kentucky Parking and Transportation Services (PTS) invites the campus community to watch Lexington’s Independence Day fireworks display from the top deck of the South Limestone Garage (PS #5). The proximity of the garage to the downtown area offers a close view of the fireworks display while avoiding the crowds and congestion of the downtown festivities.

Anyone possessing a valid UK parking permit may park in the facility free of charge to view the fireworks from the upper level.

Those planning to attend the fireworks viewing may enter from the South Limestone gates to the parking garage only. The gates will open at 8 p.m. Friday, July 4. The top deck lights will be turned off during the display to enhance the viewing experience.

Alcoholic beverages, grills, open fires, and all fireworks, including sparklers, are prohibited. No animals are allowed, with the exception of service animals. To promote a safe and positive viewing experience for everyone, the University of Kentucky Police Department will be present to enforce these restrictions. 

UK Named in CIO Magazine Top 100

Tue, 07/01/2014 - 16:25

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) — CIO magazine has named the University of Kentucky as a recipient of a 2014 CIO 100 Award. The awards program, which began in 1987, recognizes "the top 100 organizations around the world that exemplify the highest level of operational and strategic excellence in information technology."

"For 27 years now, the CIO 100 Awards have honored the innovative use of technology to deliver genuine business value," said Maryfran Johnson, the magazine's editor-in-chief. "Our 2014 winners are an outstanding example of the transformative power of IT to drive everything from revenue growth to competitive advantage."

Making the list allows information technology professionals across sectors to highlight their work and share best practices, says Vince Kellen, UK's chief information officer and senior vice provost for academic planning, analytics and technologies. 

“It is good for the CIO communities in higher education to get connected to industry, and industry back to higher education,” he said. “There are practices that flow back and forth, and we have always found that valuable.”

Recipients of this year's CIO 100 Award were selected through a three-step process. First, businesses filled out an online application form detailing their innovative IT and business initiatives. Next, a team of external judges (many of them former CIOs) reviewed the applications in depth, looking for leading-edge IT practices and measurable results. Finally, CIO editors reviewed the judges' recommendations and selected the final 100.

Executives from all of the winning organizations will be recognized at the CIO 100 Symposium and Awards Ceremony, to be held Aug. 19 at the Terranea Resort in Rancho Palos Verdes, California.

Coverage of the 2014 CIO 100 Awards will be available online at on Aug. 1 and in that day's issue of CIO magazine.

UK Analytics and Technologies (UKAT) highlighted the university’s commitment to improving student success in the CIO 100 Award application. The application described how UK is able to better engage with students, quickly provide decision makers with the information they need and predict student behavior by leveraging its industry-leading use of in-memory analytics and mobile development.

UKAT's big-data analytics platform helps the university analyze student engagement, pinpoint segments of concern for advisor interaction and widely share analytics and visualizations regarding various aspects of student success. Their next-generation mobile strategy is to improve student success and retention by utilizing and integrating high-speed big data analytics directly into the use stream of the student experience. The UKMobile app provides an array of features that enable students to manage their academic and financial data while on the go.

CIO magazine is published by IDG Enterprise, a subsidiary of International Data Group (IDG).

MEDIA CONTACT:  Keith Hautala,

Parking and Transportation Services Now Accepting Student Permit Applications

Tue, 07/01/2014 - 10:26

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 1, 2014) – University of Kentucky Parking and Transportation Services (PTS) is now accepting student parking permit applications. UK students are encouraged to apply for their permits at Students may also apply for parking permits via mail by using printable forms found at or in person at Parking and Transportation Services in the Press Avenue Garage (Parking Structure #6). Office hours for permit sales are 7:30 a.m.-7:30 p.m., Monday through Friday.

Student C, R and K permits are $264 for the 2014-2015 academic year, while evening permits are $136. Students who require a motorcycle permit in addition to their vehicle permit should contact PTS directly after purchasing their permit.

Students who choose to purchase K or C6 permits will have the option of purchasing their parking permit by the semester, rather than for the entire year. The single semester permits are $132.

All outstanding parking citations must be paid before an application is accepted. Citations may be paid online at

To complete an online application, applicants should have on hand their link blue ID and password, correct home address, a credit card, and their license plate number.

If the initial permit type requested is no longer available, eligible students may submit a lottery request online for C and R permits. Eligibility criteria must be met to purchase the desired permit. Lottery drawings are typically held two to three weeks after the beginning of the semester, based on the availability of R or C spaces, and notification is sent via electronic mail.

For more information on permits, parking on campus or to receive forms, visit, call (859) 257-5757 or visit Parking and Transportation Services in the Press Avenue Garage (PS #6). To stay up-to-date on campus parking and transit news, follow UK Parking on Twitter at, subscribe to the Parking e-News email newsletter at or tune into 1700 AM.

UK HealthCare Recognized for Safety Initiative by National Hospital Association

Mon, 06/30/2014 - 20:59

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 1, 2014) – UK Healthcare has been recognized by America’s Essential Hospitals for a patient safety initiative that has resulted in a significant decrease in mortality at the hospital compared with the general population.

America's Essential Hospitals, a national organization representing hospitals committed to high-quality care for all people, including the vulnerable, awarded UK Healthcare a 2014 Gage Award honorable mention for improving quality. The association made the award June 26, at its annual conference, in San Antonio.

“UK Healthcare’s patient safety initiative stands out among the innovative approaches our hospitals take to avoid harm and improve the quality of care,” said America’s Essential Hospitals President and CEO Dr. Bruce Siegel.

The Gage Awards, named after association founder Larry Gage, honor and share successful and creative programs that improve patient care and meet community needs. The Gage Award for improving quality recognizes activities that improve the quality of care delivered, or reduce or eliminate harmful events to individual patients or groups of patients.

"UK HealthCare is continuously working to improve, driven by our high standards and our commitment to serve the people of the Commonwealth and beyond and the Gage Award represents national recognition of this work," said UK HealthCare Chief Medical Officer Dr. Bernard Boulanger. "It is recognition of our team’s relentless, rigorous approach to improving patient care, in a manner that directly benefits our patients"

UK Healthcare received the award for the development of an internal process called SWARMING to help the hospital improve overall patient safety. A SWARM is initiated shortly after the occurrence of an adverse incident or undesirable event, and the people directly involved are empowered to "stop the line" when they observe a problem. Since instituting SWARMs in 2009, the hospital has experienced an overall reduction in the observed to expected mortality ratio from 1.5 to 0.7, as reported in December 2013.

"The SWARM process has been a remarkable and successful team effort throughout the UK HealthCare enterprise and everyone should be commended for their role in what has become one of our best tools in improving patient safety," said Dr. Michael Karpf, UK executive vice president for health affairs.  "This award is another example of our commitment to excellence in patient care and patient safety and in keeping our promise to Kentuckians that they can get the very best care right here regardless of the complexity or care needed."


Media Contact: Kristi Lopez,, 859-806-0445 

Vouchers No Longer Needed for Catering Services on Campus

Mon, 06/30/2014 - 18:59

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 1, 2014) — As the University of Kentucky transitions to a new dining partner, Aramark, there already are developments occurring that will improve services and operation for this vital campus service.

Beginning today, July 1, university departments and others on campus will no longer use journal vouchers (JVs) for catering services. Going forward, departments will utilize a UK Procard to purchase all catering services provided by the new UK Dining as well as events at the Boone Center and the The Club at Spindletop Hall.

“This process will be a more efficient and effective system and, ultimately, will be easier for everyone involved as events are booked through UK Dining’s new online system – CaterTrax,” said Eric N. Monday, UK’s executive vice president for finance and administration.  "Changes such as this one will lead — and already are leading — to a more efficient, effective and responsive dining operation at UK. "

Charges will be billed and processed directly using the UK Procard directly to SAP.  Official events will be charged to cost centers in accordance with existing Discretionary Expenditure Policy. Details of that policy, which covers events where alcohol is served, can be found at:  Separate invoices will be produced for food and for alcoholic beverages.  Departments remain responsible to edit UK Procard charges to the appropriate cost center and to retain the invoice records.

Details of the transition include:

  • A UK Procard will be required to pay for official university functions for catering services, meals and activities provided by UK Dining.
  • A UK Procard will be required to pay for official university functions for catering services, meals and activities provided by the Boone Center and The Club at Spindletop Hall.
  • The use of a UK Procard for catering is specifically limited to UK Dining, the Boone Center, and The Club at Spindletop Hall.  The Procard may not be used with other off-campus vendors for catering.  Specifically, a PRD created in SAP is still a requirement for off-campus vendors. 
  • In the event some departments do not have a Procard, they can contact Laura Payton at to start the process of obtaining a Procard for your department.  A new card is provided within approximately one week. In the interim, UK Dining will work with your department during this brief transition period — and will continue to process requests for catering.  Final billing will be processed when the Procard is available. 

More information about the transition and this process can be found at:

UK Alum Back to Share Knowledge of Appalachia

Mon, 06/30/2014 - 16:37

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 1, 2014) — Former University of Kentucky student Amanda Fickey is back at her alma mater this summer, teaching Appalachian history and culture to 60 high school students from Eastern Kentucky who are part of UK’s Robinson Scholars Honors Program.

Fickey, a native of Letcher County, served as the arts and cultural outreach coordinator for The Center for Rural Development in Somerset, Kentucky, prior to her time at UK. Fickey, who recently completed her doctoral degree in economic geography at UK, also holds a bachelor’s degree in history from Kentucky and a master’s degree in folk studies with a concentration in historic preservation from Western Kentucky University. At WKU, she received the Outstanding Graduate Student Award in the Department of Folk Studies and Anthropology, as well as the Outstanding Student Award in the Potter College of Arts and Sciences.

“Currently, I serve as assistant professor of intercultural geography and coordinator of Appalachian Studies at Union College in Barbourville and am thoroughly enjoying it,” said Fickey.

Fickey is also responsible for facilitating academic components of the Union College Redbud Festival of Appalachian Culture and serves on a number of faculty committees. She has also given a number of public presentations this spring and recently served as a keynote speaker for the University of Kentucky Graduate Appalachian Research Symposium and Arts Showcase co-organized by graduate students with interests in Appalachian Studies at UK and the UK Appalachian Center and Appalachian Studies Program.

Fickey’s research interests include economic geography, diverse economics, alternative economic and political spaces, neoliberalism, political economy, regional economic development and critical pedagogy. She has authored papers in these areas for the Journal of Appalachian Studies, Social and Cultural Geography, ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, Geography Compass, The Geographical Bulletin, PRISM: A Journal of Regional Engagement, disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory and has had reviews published in the Annals of the Association of American Geographers, the Journal of Economic Geography, and New Proposals: Journal of Marxism and Interdisciplinary Inquiry.

A former student vice president of the UK Chapter of the Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi, Fickey received a 2011 Certificate for Outstanding Teaching from the College of Arts and Sciences at UK, as well as the 2010 Women in Geography Education Award from the National Council for Geographic Education. In addition, Fickey was awarded a Dissertation Enhancement Award from UK, the 2009 Edith Schwab Memorial Scholarship, a James Brown Research Award for Graduate Research in Appalachia from UK, a UK Student Government Association scholarship, and two Kentucky Oral History Scholarship Commission Project Grants from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, administered by the Kentucky Historical Society.

“The University of Kentucky enabled me to take advantage of a number of opportunities to learn and grow,” Fickey said. “My undergraduate years helped broaden my outlook and perspective. And, the research I conducted as a doctoral student in UK’s Department of Geography helped me to gain a deeper understanding of what I wanted to do after graduate school.”

In 2012, Fickey was one of 40 international scholars selected to participate in the Sixth Annual Summer Institute in Economic Geography, held in Zurich, Switzerland.

Currently, Fickey is prepping for her fall semester teaching duties at Union College, creating a web presence for the Appalachian Studies program at the school, and is putting together social media sites for the Fourth Global Conference on Economic Geography to be held at the University of Oxford in August 2015. All of this while working on her forthcoming book chapter, “Developing Appalachia,” co-authored with her dissertation advisor, Michael Samers, professor of economic and urban geography in the UK Department of Geography.

For more information about Fickey, visit

MEDIA CONTACT: Rachel Knuth,, 757-971-1503


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